Plants and Animals

STANDARD PLANT AND ANIMAL NAMES

Some common species or genera of plants and animals are referred to often and throughout the text. For simplicity, where such species have recognized English names, their scientific names are not given in the accounts. The scientific names of these species are given below [note scientific names are as published but some have changed, eg.bloodwoods that are listed as part of the genus Eucalyptus below have now been separated into the Corymbia genus, which is still part of the Eucalypts (Eucalypteae) ].

[Information from Vol. 6 and 7 combined]


PLANTS ordered as published

GroupCommon NameScientific Name
Eucalypts EucalyptsEucalyptus
Alpine AshEucalyptus delegatensis
Apple BoxEucalyptus bridgesiana
Bimble BoxEucalyptus populnea
Black BoxEucalyptus largiflorens
Black SalleeEucalyptus stellulata
BlackbuttEucalyptus pilularis
Blakely’s Red GumEucalyptus blakelyi
Blue MalleeEucalyptus gamophylla
Brittle GumEucalyptus mannifera
Broad-leafed StringybarkEucalyptus caliginosa
Brown BarrelEucalyptus fastigata
Brown StringybarkEucalyptus baxteri
CoolibahEucalyptus microtheca
Darwin BoxEucalyptus tectifica
Darwin StringybarkEucalyptus tetrodonta
Darwin WollybuttEucalyptus miniata
Desert MalleeEucalyptus concinna
Flooded Gum Eucalyptus grandis
Forest Red Gum Eucalyptus tereticornis
Ghost GumEucalyptus papuana
Giant MalleeEucalyptus oleosa
GimletEucalyptus salubris
Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa
Grey IronbarkEucalyptus microcarpa
Gully PeppermintEucalyptus smithii
Jarrah Eucalyptus marginata
Karri Eucalyptus diversicolor
Lemon-scented GumEucalyptus citrodora
Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis
Marri Eucalyptus calophylla
Messmate Eucalyptus obliqua
Morten Bay AshEucalyptus tessellaris
Mountain AshEucalyptus regnans
Mountain GumEucalyptus dalrympleana
Mugga Eucalyptus sideroxylon
Narrow-leafed IronbarkEucalyptus crebra
Narrow-leafed PeppermintEucalyptus radiata
New England PeppermintEucalyptus nova-anglica
Northern Grey IronbarkEucalyptus siderophloia
Pear-fruited MalleeEucalyptus pyriformis
Pink BloodwoodEucalyptus intermedia
Pink GumEucalyptus fasciculosa
Red BloodwoodEucalyptus gummifera
Red IronbarkEucalyptus tricarpa
Red MahoganyEucalyptus resinifera
Red MalleeEucalyptus socialis
Red StringybarkEucalyptus macrorhyncha
River PeppermintEucalyptus elata
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Salmon GumEucalyptus salmonophloia
Scribbly GumEucalyptus signata
Shining GumEucalyptus nitens
Silvertop AshEucalyptus sieberi
Snappy GumEucalyptus racemosa
Snow GumEucalyptus pauciflora
Southern MahoganyEucalyptus botryoides
Spotted GumEucalyptus maculata
Sydney PeppermintEucalyptus piperita
Tallow-woodEucalyptus microcorys
TuartEucalyptus gomphocephala
Variable-barked BloodwoodEucalyptus dichromophloia
WandooEucalyptus wandoo
White BoxEucalyptus albens
White StringybarkEucalyptus globoidea
WoolybuttEucalyptus longifolia
Yellow BloodwoodEucalyptus eximia
Yellow BoxEucalyptus melliodora
Yellow GumEucalyptus leucoxylon
York GumEucalyptus loxophleba
YorrellEucalyptus gracilis
MimosaceaeBlack WattleAcacia auriculiformis
BlackwoodAcacia melanoxylon
BrigalowAcacia harpophylla
Brown SalwoodAcacia aulacocarpa
Coastal WattleAcacia sophorae
Cootamundra WattleAcacia baileyana
Dead FinishAcacia tetragonophylla
GidgeeAcacia cambagei
Golden WattleAcacia pycnantha
JamAcacia acuminata
LancewoodAcacia sherleyi
MulgaAcacia aneura
Myall (Boree)Acacia pendula
Pindan WattleAcacia tumida
Sallow WattleAcacia longilfolia
Silver WattleAcacia dealbata
Weeping MyallAcacia pendula
Western MyallAcacia papyrocarpa
CasuarinaceaeBelahCasuarina cristata
Black OakCasuarina pauper
Black SheoakAllocasuarina littoralis
Buloke (Bull oak) Allocasuarina luehmannii
Coast Sheoak Casuarina equisetifolia
Compass BushAllocasuarina pinaster
Desert OakAllocasuarina decaisneana
Drooping SheoakAllocasuarina verticillata
Dwarf Sheoak Allocasuarina pusilla
Forest Oak  Allocasuarina torulosa
River Sheoak Casuarina cunninghamiana
Slaty Sheoak Allocasuarina muelleriana
Swamp Oak  Casuarina glauca
Western Sheoak Allocasuarina fraseriana
ProteaceaeBull BanksiaBanksia grandis
Coast BanksiaBanksia integrifolia
Heath BanksiaBanksia ericifolia
Old Man BanksiaBanksia serrata
Silver BanksiaBanksia marginata
Melaleuca, tea-treeCajuputMelaleuca cajuputi
Coastal Tea-treeLeptospermum laevigatum
Liniment TreeMelaleuca symphyocarpa
Prickly Tea-treeLeptospermum juniperinum
Swamp PaperbarkMelaleuca ericifolia
Weeping PaperbarkMelaleuca leucadendra
Other plantsAfrican BoxthornLycium ferocissimum
Alexandra PalmArchontophoenix alexandrae
Bangalow PalmArchontophoenix cunninghamiana
Black BooyongArgyrodendron actinophyllum
Black Cypress-pineCallitris endlicheri
BoabAdanasonia gregorii
BrackenPteridium esculentum
Broad-leafed Palm-lilyCordyline petiolaris
CarabeenSloanea langii
CelerywoodPolyscias elegans
Cherry BallartExocarpus cupressiformis
Cooktown IronwoodErythrophleum chlorostachys
CunjevoiAlocasia macrorrhizos
Deep Yellow-woodRhodosphaera rhodanthema
Fern-leaved GrevilleaGrevillea pteridifolia
Flame HeathAstroloma conostephioides
GeebungPersoonia linearis
GorseUlex europaeus
Grey BolleywoodNeolitsea dealbata
Grey MyrtleBackhousia myrtifolia
Hoop Pine Araucaria cunninghamii
LacebarkBrachychiton discolor
LantanaLantana camara
Leichhardt TreeNauclea orientalis
Lilly PillyAcmena smithii
Monterey PinePinus radiata
Morten Bay FigFicus macrophylla
Myrtle BeechNothofagus cumminghamii 
Norfolk Island PineAraucaria heterophylla
PeppercornSchinus molle
Port Jackson FigFicus rubiginosa
Purple CherrySyzygium crebrinerve
Red AshAlphitonia excelsa
Rough-barked AppleAngophora floribunda
Slender Cypress-pineCallitris preissii
Smooth-barked AppleAngophora costata
Southern SassafrasAtherosperma moschatum
Sweet BursariaBursaria spinosa
Sweet PittosporumPittosporum undulatum
TurpentineSyncarpia glomulifera
Water GumTristaniopsis laurina
White CedarMelia azedarach
White Cypres-pineCallitris columellaris
WilgaGeijera parviflora
Yellow CarabeenSloanea woollsii
Yellow SassafrasDoryphora sassafras
FruitsAppleMalus sylvestris
ApricotPrunus annemaca
BlackberryRubus fruticosus
GrapesVitis vinifera
PeachPrunus persica
PearPyrus communis
PineappleAnanas sativa
QuinceCydonia vulgaris
SweetbriarRubus rubiginosa
NutsChestnutCastanea sativa
PeanutArachis hypogeae
PistachioPistacia vera
WalnutJuglans nigra
walnutJuglans
VegetablesPotatoSolanum tuberosum
CerealsCanolaBrassica napus
Corn or MaizeZea mays
Oats Avena sativa
Safflower Carthamus tinctorius
Sunflower Helianthus annua
Wheat Triticum aestivum
Common generaacacias or wattlesAcacia
banksiasBanksia
casuarinasCasuarina and Allocasuarina
cypress-pineCallitris
eucalyptsEucalyptus
grass-treeXanthorrhoea
grevilleasGrevillea
lignumMuehlenbeckia; this would be, in most cases, M. cunninghamii but species Often not given in avian literature
paperbarksMelaleuca
tea-treeLeptospermum
willowSalix


PLANTS sorted by common name

Common NameScientific Name
acacias or wattlesAcacia
African BoxthornLycium ferocissimum
Alexandra PalmArchontophoenix alexandrae
Alpine AshEucalyptus delegatensis
AppleMalus sylvestris
Apple BoxEucalyptus bridgesiana
ApricotPrunus annemaca
Bangalow PalmArchontophoenix cunninghamiana
banksiasBanksia
BelahCasuarina cristata
Bimble BoxEucalyptus populnea
Black BooyongArgyrodendron actinophyllum
Black BoxEucalyptus largiflorens
Black Cypress-pineCallitris endlicheri
Black OakCasuarina pauper
Black SalleeEucalyptus stellulata
Black SheoakAllocasuarina littoralis
Black WattleAcacia auriculiformis
BlackberryRubus fruticosus
BlackbuttEucalyptus pilularis
BlackwoodAcacia melanoxylon
Blakely’s Red GumEucalyptus blakelyi
Blue MalleeEucalyptus gamophylla
BoabAdanasonia gregorii
BrackenPteridium esculentum
BrigalowAcacia harpophylla
Brittle GumEucalyptus mannifera
Broad-leafed Palm-lilyCordyline petiolaris
Broad-leafed StringybarkEucalyptus caliginosa
Brown BarrelEucalyptus fastigata
Brown SalwoodAcacia aulacocarpa
Brown StringybarkEucalyptus baxteri
Bull BanksiaBanksia grandis
Buloke (Bull oak) Allocasuarina luehmannii
CajuputMelaleuca cajuputi
CanolaBrassica napus
CarabeenSloanea langii
casuarinasCasuarina and Allocasuarina
CelerywoodPolyscias elegans
Cherry BallartExocarpus cupressiformis
ChestnutCastanea sativa
Coast BanksiaBanksia integrifolia
Coast Sheoak Casuarina equisetifolia
Coastal Tea-treeLeptospermum laevigatum
Coastal WattleAcacia sophorae
Compass BushAllocasuarina pinaster
Cooktown IronwoodErythrophleum chlorostachys
CoolibahEucalyptus microtheca
Cootamundra WattleAcacia baileyana
Corn or MaizeZea mays
CunjevoiAlocasia macrorrhizos
cypress-pineCallitris
Darwin BoxEucalyptus tectifica
Darwin StringybarkEucalyptus tetrodonta
Darwin WollybuttEucalyptus miniata
Dead FinishAcacia tetragonophylla
Deep Yellow-woodRhodosphaera rhodanthema
Desert MalleeEucalyptus concinna
Desert OakAllocasuarina decaisneana
Drooping SheoakAllocasuarina verticillata
Dwarf Sheoak Allocasuarina pusilla
EucalyptsEucalyptus
eucalyptsEucalyptus
Fern-leaved GrevilleaGrevillea pteridifolia
Flame HeathAstroloma conostephioides
Flooded Gum Eucalyptus grandis
Forest Oak  Allocasuarina torulosa
Forest Red Gum Eucalyptus tereticornis
GeebungPersoonia linearis
Ghost GumEucalyptus papuana
Giant MalleeEucalyptus oleosa
GidgeeAcacia cambagei
GimletEucalyptus salubris
Golden WattleAcacia pycnantha
GorseUlex europaeus
GrapesVitis vinifera
grass-treeXanthorrhoea
grevilleasGrevillea
Grey BolleywoodNeolitsea dealbata
Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa
Grey IronbarkEucalyptus microcarpa
Grey MyrtleBackhousia myrtifolia
Gully PeppermintEucalyptus smithii
Heath BanksiaBanksia ericifolia
Hoop Pine Araucaria cunninghamii
JamAcacia acuminata
Jarrah Eucalyptus marginata
Karri Eucalyptus diversicolor
LacebarkBrachychiton discolor
LancewoodAcacia sherleyi
LantanaLantana camara
Leichhardt TreeNauclea orientalis
Lemon-scented GumEucalyptus citrodora
lignumMuehlenbeckia; this would be, in most cases, M. cunninghamii but species Often not given in avian literature
Lilly PillyAcmena smithii
Liniment TreeMelaleuca symphyocarpa
Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis
Marri Eucalyptus calophylla
Messmate Eucalyptus obliqua
Monterey PinePinus radiata
Morten Bay AshEucalyptus tessellaris
Morten Bay FigFicus macrophylla
Mountain AshEucalyptus regnans
Mountain GumEucalyptus dalrympleana
Mugga Eucalyptus sideroxylon
MulgaAcacia aneura
Myall (Boree)Acacia pendula
Myrtle BeechNothofagus cumminghamii 
Narrow-leafed IronbarkEucalyptus crebra
Narrow-leafed PeppermintEucalyptus radiata
New England PeppermintEucalyptus nova-anglica
Norfolk Island PineAraucaria heterophylla
Northern Grey IronbarkEucalyptus siderophloia
Oats Avena sativa
Old Man BanksiaBanksia serrata
paperbarksMelaleuca
PeachPrunus persica
PeanutArachis hypogeae
PearPyrus communis
Pear-fruited MalleeEucalyptus pyriformis
PeppercornSchinus molle
Pindan WattleAcacia tumida
PineappleAnanas sativa
Pink BloodwoodEucalyptus intermedia
Pink GumEucalyptus fasciculosa
PistachioPistacia vera
Port Jackson FigFicus rubiginosa
PotatoSolanum tuberosum
Prickly Tea-treeLeptospermum juniperinum
Purple CherrySyzygium crebrinerve
QuinceCydonia vulgaris
Red AshAlphitonia excelsa
Red BloodwoodEucalyptus gummifera
Red IronbarkEucalyptus tricarpa
Red MahoganyEucalyptus resinifera
Red MalleeEucalyptus socialis
Red StringybarkEucalyptus macrorhyncha
River PeppermintEucalyptus elata
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis
River Sheoak Casuarina cunninghamiana
Rough-barked AppleAngophora floribunda
Safflower Carthamus tinctorius
Sallow WattleAcacia longilfolia
Salmon GumEucalyptus salmonophloia
Scribbly GumEucalyptus signata
Shining GumEucalyptus nitens
Silver BanksiaBanksia marginata
Silver WattleAcacia dealbata
Silvertop AshEucalyptus sieberi
Slaty Sheoak Allocasuarina muelleriana
Slender Cypress-pineCallitris preissii
Smooth-barked AppleAngophora costata
Snappy GumEucalyptus racemosa
Snow GumEucalyptus pauciflora
Southern MahoganyEucalyptus botryoides
Southern SassafrasAtherosperma moschatum
Spotted GumEucalyptus maculata
Sunflower Helianthus annua
Swamp Oak  Casuarina glauca
Swamp PaperbarkMelaleuca ericifolia
Sweet BursariaBursaria spinosa
Sweet PittosporumPittosporum undulatum
SweetbriarRubus rubiginosa
Sydney PeppermintEucalyptus piperita
Tallow-woodEucalyptus microcorys
tea-treeLeptospermum
TuartEucalyptus gomphocephala
TurpentineSyncarpia glomulifera
Variable-barked BloodwoodEucalyptus dichromophloia
WalnutJuglans nigra
walnutJuglans
WandooEucalyptus wandoo
Water GumTristaniopsis laurina
Weeping MyallAcacia pendula
Weeping PaperbarkMelaleuca leucadendra
Western MyallAcacia papyrocarpa
Western Sheoak Allocasuarina fraseriana
Wheat Triticum aestivum
White BoxEucalyptus albens
White CedarMelia azedarach
White Cypres-pineCallitris columellaris
White StringybarkEucalyptus globoidea
WilgaGeijera parviflora
willowSalix
WoolybuttEucalyptus longifolia
Yellow BloodwoodEucalyptus eximia
Yellow BoxEucalyptus melliodora
Yellow CarabeenSloanea woollsii
Yellow GumEucalyptus leucoxylon
Yellow SassafrasDoryphora sassafras
York GumEucalyptus loxophleba
YorrellEucalyptus gracilis


ANIMALS sorted by common name

Common NameScientific Name
Black RatRattus rattus
Brown HareLepus capensis
Brown RatRattus norvegicus
CatFelis cants
CattleBos taunts
Common Brush-tailed PossumTrichosurus vulpecula
Ringtailed PossumPseudocheirus peregrinus
DingoCanis familiaris dingo
DogCanis familiaris
DonkeyEquus asinus
FoxVulpes vulpes
GoatCapra hircus
HorseEquus caballus
House MouseMus musculus
PigSus scrofa
RabbitOryctolagus cuniculus
SheepOvis aries
Water BuffaloBubalus bubalis

Recommended Citation:
BirdLife Australia (2023). Plants and Animals. [Text before updates sourced from: Marchant, S. et al (eds) 1990-2006 Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds.Volume 1 to 7.] Birdlife Australia. Birdlife Australia. Last modified 2023-12-12 01:18. Source: https://hanzab.birdlife.org.au/understanding-information/plants-and-animals/ Accessed: July 17, 2024 Time Zone: +10:00